Polifactory China | This is our fifth “Urban Experience” in Shanghai, with which we intend to show the changes the city has undergone over time, and we will make understanding the urban morphology. Look at each street from an architectural, urban and historical viewpoint.
Introduction | The ride is done from the beginning of the intersection with Huashan Road (Urban Experience 06) and the final stretch crosses Renmin Road (Urban Experience 02) and ends in The South Bund. During the route it also crosses several streets that make up our whole entire Urban Experience. The street is fairly uniform for each section: the first section has the most attractive urban level, since it is a street lined with large trees that barely let you see the building rather than at specific points. This stretch belongs to the Xuhui district. Being a street of great importance to the city, also passes through the districts of Luwan, Huangpu and Old Town. From the starting point we take pictures every 200 meters, or whenever there is a significant change of the urban landscape. The scale of the street is quite uniform despite having belonged to many different areas of the city. Length: 6,600 km.
History | Fuxing Road was formerly named in 1914 as Fahua Road, but was given its final name and for which he was well known in 1918, the “Rue Lafayette” in its central section, was one of the main arteries of the French Concession. In its initial section “West” was known as “Rue de Boissezon”, and in its final stretch “East” as “Zao Char Road”. The reason for these changes is simply to have belonged mainly to the French Concession, but also be one of the two avenues vertebrating Old Chinese City. Lafayette was an avenue of great importance having some of the most representative buildings of the Concession, as Canidrome or the Blackstone Apartments, also various consulates and highly relevant educational institutions opened their doors there. In the West section was treated primarily a quiet residential street, with large mansions and gardens. In the East stretch it was less known because only small factories and storages, plus some unimportant apartments, were there.
Nowadays | It is a street with most of the traffic flow in south of the city, mainly going throug neighborhoods as Huangpu, Luwan and Xuhui, but traffic is a medium speed, because parallel and very close to it is the great Avenue Huaihai, (besides the Yan’an Elevated avenue a little further north and parallel). The street in the West section is in two directions but very quiet, with little flow of cars until it intersects with Huaihai, once past that point becomes a major avenue of traffic but in a single direction, is flanked by buildings of great historical significance and new construction. To its junction with Shaanxi passes back two directions and is a link in between Orchestra Palace and the historical Fuxing Park. Thereafter the avenue opened slightly and leads directly to the Chinese ancient town through the south of Xintiandi, when Huangpi Street intersects. In the section that crosses the Old Chinese City, happens to be a great avenue backbone traffic with tunnels and large pedestrian overpasses, as the rest of the streets of the area (which are very small), and therefore this becomes all-important street . The final stretch leads to one of the most important piers of the South Bund, and pass under one of the most relevant crosswalks of South Zhongshan Road 2. There are many historic buildings but having been primarily residential at the time, today there are scattered around the importance of the street. Yet along it, we can find a Catholic cathedral, Sinan Mansions area or large residential buildings of importance to its junction with Hengshan Road.
Urban Relevance | The importance of this axis in this area of the city is critical because organizes the local traffic of medium speed (slow cars, motorcycles and bicycles). Despite being flanked by two very important and parallel avenues as Zhaojiabang (South) & Huaihai (North), both with very fast traffic, its relevance is not lost due to residential, parks and historic buildings it owns. Its sidewalks are wide and leafy genral summer giving spacious shaded areas that allow the enjoyment of it, unlike many other nearby. Thats why drivers choose it regularly. Its importance in the urban context of the Old City is also high, since it organizes the east-west axis, although throughout this section ceases to be pedestrian and have a much higher traffic and faster. It is the result of an urbanism “of necessity “, as it had to eliminate most of the small old streets to open this avenue. It is in short, a busy street, high urban relevancy and intensive local use.